The 10 Most Common Types of Law


Whether you are searching for a lawyer for your own legal needs or you are interested in the law profession, it helps to understand the difference between the most common types of lawyers. Lawyers often specialize in a specific type of law, as laws are constantly changing, new precedents are being set, and a specialized focus can be beneficial when it comes to trials. To get you started, here are the 10 most common types of lawyers along with descriptions of their general expertise.

Civil Rights Lawyers

Civil rights lawyers are legal professionals that focus on protecting the civil rights of their clients. This can include cases and trials involving discrimination, privacy rights, and other cases where the specified civil rights that we are all afforded is in some way hindered or abused by an individual, a city, a business, an employer, or another entity.

Criminal Lawyers

law-schoolCriminal lawyers, often referred to as criminal defense lawyers, are lawyers who defend people that have been accused of some type of crime. This can range from minor offenses, such as disturbing the peace, to manslaughter or homicide cases. Everyone is afforded the right to a qualified defense and there are public defenders that will be assigned to people accused of a crime that cannot afford a lawyer.

Personal Injury Lawyer

A personal injury lawyer specializes in handling cases where a client has been injured in some manner, either from accident or other causes that were beyond the control of the client. This could include slip and fall accidents and traffic accidents. The lawyer often seeks compensation for their client to cover medical bills due to the accident as well as damages related to trauma.

Family Lawyers

A family lawyer is a broad term, but is often applied to lawyers that focus on family issues, including child support, child custody, divorce, adoption, and other family legal issues.

Malpractice Lawyers

Malpractice lawyers represent people that have been injured due to medical malpractice. This may include representing a family of a deceased individual whose cause of death is related to a medical procedure or they may represent an individual that was severely injured due to the mistake a medical professional.

lawsProperty Lawyers

Property lawyers specialize in handling cases that involve disputes between tenants and landlords. They may also deal with cases related to foreclosure and other real estate cases.

Tax Lawyers

A tax lawyer is specialized in helping people with a large variety of tax issues, such as providing legal advice for processing tax returns or handling delinquent tax returns.

Business Lawyers

A business lawyer is another broad term used to describe any lawyer that specializes in providing legal advice for businesses. They may end up defending a business in a variety of cases tried by previous described lawyers, such as defending a business against a slip and fall case being tried by a personal injury lawyer. They also handle litigation, patent issues, and other company legal situations.

Employment Lawyer

Finally, there are employment lawyers. These lawyers will handle labor disputes and issues, such as wrongful termination, sexual harassment, and even workplace safety.

These 10 categories of lawyers cover a very large spectrum of lawyers; though, there are additional classifications, such as maritime lawyers and other specializations. When you are looking for a lawyer for your own purposes, you should start by searching for a lawyer with a specialization in the specific type of legal situation you face. We hope you found this useful, you can always leave a message if you any questions about this information.

The 10 Most Common Types of Law